So far in Geography 100 we have learned about the variables that make up weather

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So far in Geography 100 we have learned about the variables that make up weather and climate in a given place. In this assignment, you will synthesize the things we’ve learned by researching and answering essay questions about the climate of North County San Diego. Your answers should include how each of the “climate controls” mentioned at the end of Chapter 3 (pg. 69-71), and expanded upon throughout Chapters 4-8 result in the climate patterns we experience.
This assignment includes a series of 5 short essay prompts. You can think of it as a “deconstructed” essay – these are all parts of what would be one comprehensive essay on San Diego climate. The first two provide an introduction to talking about climate (what variables make up climate and what “controls” result in differences in climate between areas) and an overview of San Diego’s climate (What type of climate we are in, what does that mean in terms of annual patterns of weather variables?). The third, fourth, and fifth responses expect you to link temperature trends, precipitation trends, and wind/pressure trends with climate controls you will have introduced in question one.
A review of controls you should consider in these responses. How do these things influence San Diego climate?:
Latitude (and its effect on insolation)
Distribution of land and water
Atmospheric circulation (wind and pressure belts)
Oceanic circulation (large scale currents)
Topography & altitude
Storm systems (the typical types of storms that reach us, and why)
You are expected to use your book, lecture slides, course notes, and internet sources to find the answers to these questions but make sure to not plagiarize and to cite sources as needed. If you’re unsure of what constitutes plagiarism, please review the following explanations of the different types of plagiarism: Examples of Plagiarism.
You should complete the responses in a word processor before copy and pasting them into the “Assignment” in Canvas. Each answer should be 1 to 2 solid, well organized paragraphs long.
The questions you will need to answer (along with example response outlines) and a rubric are shown on the next page.
Essay response 1: Give an introduction to climate variables and climate controls.
Relevant definitions
Overview of climate variables & climate controls
Essay response 2: Give an overview of San Diego Climate.
North County San Diego climate characteristics (ie. Mediterranean climate overview)
What type of climate is it? What are the averages and trends of temperature and precipitation.
Essay response 3: Explain San Diego’s temperature patterns by discussing the controls that act on them.
Latitude and solar inclination
Sun angle and day length
Maritime vs. continental location
Essay response 4: Explain San Diego’s precipitation and humidity patterns by discussing the controls that act on them.
Mediterranean and dry subtropical climates
Causes of aridity (dryness) in these areas around 30N or 30S
In San Diego?
When do we receive precipitation? Why then?
Summer conditions
Pressure – Pacific High / Hawaiian High
What is it and how does it influence moisture?
Winter conditions
What influences winter precipitation? What are the events called that bring us precipitation?
How does this affect different parts of San Diego?
Essay response 5: What are other notable characteristics of weather and climate here?
Santa Anas Winds? How do those work? How frequent are they?
El Nino pattern. How does this influence normal patterns?
Local wind patterns?
Other neat weather/climate facts?

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