In the previous page is my version of the outline of the essay “Politicians, Tee

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In the previous page is my version of the outline of the essay “Politicians, Teens and Birth Control.” Use my version of the outline when answering the six questions/topics below. You will also, of course, need to reference the actual essay when answering some of these questions.
Assignment #4 is due on Friday, May 20, by midnight. No late assignments accepted.
As discussed in a previous module, this assignment will consist of 6 parts. Do each part separately. Fully address each topic/question and give multiple examples from the outline and the essay itself to illustrate you analysis.
You have multiple examples/models for each of these questions/topics to look at to help you write this assignment. Also, on the following page, is a link to a complete analysis of an essay that can also be a model for Assignment #4, though I don’t really expect anyone’s assignment to be as long as this one!
Here is a section by section description of what you should be paying attention to and addressing in each section as you analyze and evaluate the essay “Politicians, Teens and Birth Control.”
VALIDITY
In this section, make sure you answer the general question of whether or not the argument as a whole is valid or invalid, then comment on the strengths and weaknesses of each of the premises. There are 5 supporting reasons and you should write at least a few sentences for each reason explaining if you think this reason does or does not support the thesis. DO NOT COMMENT ON WHETHER OR NOT EACH REASON IS TRUE OR FALSE. That is something you address under soundness. The question in this section is: IF each of these reasons were true, would they support the conclusion.
SOUNDNESS
If you decide in the section on validity that this is not a valid argument, then of course it can’t be a sound argument. However, even if you think this is an invalid argument, I still want you to evaluate the evidence given for each reason. If you think the argument is valid, then in this section, make sure you answer the question of whether or not the argument overall is sound Comment on the strength or weakness of the evidence given for each premise. As a newspaper opinion piece, there is no expectation that the source of the evidence be documented, so that is not a legit criticism. However, the expertise of the author himself might be an issue when it comes to the credibility of the evidence.
ASSUMPTIONS and WARRANTS
Begin this section by identifying the warrants for each of the supporting reasons. Then add any additional assumptions that you can identify in the essay. Be sure to both identify the assumption and then evaluate that assumption. Are these assumptions true or reasonable as they are being applied in the essay? Use a separate paragraph or bullet for each assumption. It might also help to follow the format of: “when the essay says _____, it is assuming _____.” Be careful not to identify something as an assumption if the author actually says it in the essay.
OBJECTIONS FROM THE OTHER SIDE
While we haven’t directly addressed this topic with a specific essay, we have covered counter-arguments in the class. Answer the basic question of how the essay treats the other side of the debate in this section, but this section is also kind of a miscellaneous section. Bring up any objections or counter-arguments that you feel the essay ignores. This section is the one most likely to overlap a little with other sections; that is not a problem if you don’t merely repeat exactly what you already said in other sections. Short paragraphs or bullets are okay for this section.
LOGICAL FALLACIES
Identify each logical fallacy by name and identify exactly where in the essay is occurs and then explain exactly why it’s an example of fallacious or bogus or bad critical thinking. You should be able to identify at least one or two fallacies in this essay. Don’t expect to find too many fallacies in this essay, but a few.
RHETORICAL STRATEGIES / RHETORICAL ANALYSIS
It’s true that we haven’t spent a lot of time on this topic, but do the best you can. Start this section by making some general comments about the overall rhetoric of the essay. What is the tone of the essay: serious, formal, informal, sarcastic, objective, etc? How does the author of the essay come across: informed, uninformed, an expert, angry, etc. Then cite specific examples of language from the essay — individual words or phrases — and explain how these examples add to the overall rhetorical effect of the essay. You’re certainly not expected to comment on every bit of language in the essay, just several representative examples that clearly create the overall tone and effect of the essay.
The most common question I get from students about this assignment is — all together now — how long does it have to be? My initial answer is longer is probably going to be better. In other words, do a thorough analysis of each section and illustrate your analysis with specific examples from the essay.
For the Validity and Soundness sections, you should comment on each reason and each piece of evidence, so those sections might be a page or more long. For warrants/assumptions, you should be able to identify several, with a short paragraph for each. Section #4 might not be too long, but you should include any possible objections from the other side that you can identify. There aren’t going to be a lot of logical fallacies in this essay, but there are at least a couple. And for Rhetorical Analysis, I’d say about a page. This won’t be hard to get to if you are including specific examples of words and phrases and how that language affects the overall tone. Just take each section one at a time and give yourself time to work on this. Don’t put this off until the last minute, and this shouldn’t be a super demanding project.

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