In “President Díaz, Hero of the Americas”, journalist James Creelman creates a glowing portrait of Porfirio Díaz and Porfirian Mexico for Pearson’s Magazinefrom 1908.  In addition to the introductory section’s assertion that Díaz oversaw the construction of 19,000 miles of railway and 45,000 miles of telegraph in Mexico, Creelman emphasizes how the “warring, ignorant, superstitious and impoverished masses of Mexico, oppressed by centuries of Spanish cruelty and greed” had become under Díaz “a strong, steady, peaceful, debt-paying and progressive nation” (287).  According to Creelman, “What he [Díaz] has done, almost alone and in such a few years, for a people disorganized and degraded by war, lawlessness and comic-opera politics, is the great inspiration of Pan-Americanism, the hope of the Latin-American republics” (291).  According to Díaz and Creelman, Díaz has guided the Mexican people almost to the point where they are capable and ready to have a hand in their government.

In “Porfirio Díaz Visits Yucatán”, two British travel writers, Channing Arnold and Fredrick Tabor Frost, present a very different image of Mexico under Díaz’s rule.  In their depiction, “Spanish half-breeds have taken a race once noble enough and broken them on the wheel of tyranny so brutal that the heart of them is dead.  The relations between the two people is ostensibly that of master and servant…a foul slavery” (274).  They cast the elite of Yucatán as brutal profiteers, Díaz as caring only about the name and reputation of Mexico (and not at all about the country’s indigenous populations), and the Maya as docile and accepting of these conditions.

These two characterizations of Porfirio Díaz and his rule are extremely different.  Based on everything that you have learned in this lesson about Díaz and his rule, do you believe that Creelman’s characterization of Díaz and his rule or Arnold and Frosts’ characterization of Díaz and his rule to be more representative of the realities of the Porfirian era?


[In answering this question, you may assert that one characterization is more representative of the realities of the Porfirian era than the other, but still point out some shortcomings or inaccuracies of that characterization.]

You need to rewrite this whole discuss above^^^

Final Paper

You can choose one of mission from file ‘Project – choose one’ , than do the research to write a paper.

The final project will be about a space mission, and you will also propose a follow up.  You can do either a paper or a poster, but to get writing credit, you must write a paper.  You should not do both a paper and a poster.  Instructions are provided for each below.  An example is provided for each, but note that the assignment has been slightly updated. If there is a contradiction between what is in the assignment versus demonstrated in the example, go with the assignment instructions.  Additional resources can be found in other assignments, such as for the abstract and future mission proposal.  

Do the paper one, don’t do poster.


 you will choose a philosopher and discuss his/her views and philosophical concepts. You will report your findings in an informative paper and compare and contrast this philosopher with another one you are familiar with through this class.


Your paper should be 1,000-1,500 words in length, formatted according to MLA guidelines, and contain the following elements:

  1. Introduction.
  2. Philosopher’s historical information and associated philosophical concepts.
  3. Close analysis of one of your philosopher’s arguments.
  4. Comparing and contrasting with another philosopher.
  5. Conclusion.
  6. Bibliography.

Ok so you have to answer a discussion question in 1 page. Here is everything bel

Ok so you have to answer a discussion question in 1 page. Here is everything below for the discussion:
Since the end of World War II, globalization of world markets has been increasing. 
The main characteristics of globalization include free flow of goods and services 
(international trade), and capital (foreign direct investments), less government intervention,
and regional and global integration. In addition, globalization is strengthened by cross-
national cooperation and institutions such as the World Trade Organization, the World 
Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Globalization is supported by the argument 
that international trade and foreign direct investments result in a better allocation of 
In the last few years however, international trade and foreign direct investments 
have been challenged as a growing number of governments have been questioning the 
benefits of free flow of goods, services, and capital. In particular, the United Kingdom has 
left the European Union (Brexit), the North American Free Trade Agreements (NAFTA) 
has been revised, the United Stated is threatening to reduce or even eliminate its 
contributions to international institutions. As a result, tariffs have started to rise, and 
multinational enterprises are under increasing pressures to reduce their operations in 
foreign countries and invest more in their home countries.
Question: Do you favor globalization of world markets?
Your answer should be one single-spaced page or less (but at least 10 sentences). Also, cite inside your answer (e.g.: MacMillan, 2020) two recent articles (no older than 2018) from business periodicals such as Business Week, Forbes Magazine, Fortune Magazine, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, or any other relevant popular press (no textbook, Wikipedia, or academic journal). At the end of your answer, provide
complete references of both articles.

Philosophy Essay

For #1 the references are in the Plato file under ‘Aplogy’ and the King file

You can reference websites for things you can’t answer with readings just please don’t plagiarize. 
Let me know if you have any questions or need any more readings for questions, I can provide them.

Plastic in oceans


For this paper, you will write 7+ pages that proposes and argues a single ambitious solution for a major local, national, or global problem. Your essay should demonstrate an understanding of the problem and offer persuasive evidence and reasoning to support your solution. Your solution should feel ambitious. Like Singer and Coates, you do not need to worry if your solution is likely one, only that your solution feels persuasive. Pick a strategy to win us over. Take a chance to dream big and swing for the bleachers, as they say!

Some examples of major problems include: deforestation, plastic in our oceans, rising college tuition, the vanishing middle class, poverty, the spread of misinformation, racial discrimination, gendered pay gaps, low access to quality healthcare in the US (rising healthcare costs), bad air quality in the central valley, rising opioid addiction rates, threat of global pandemics, overconsumption, or something else. Try to pick something that feels focused and specific. For example, climate change is a broad problem with tons of elements: deforestation, greenhouse gasses, and water pollution, to name a few. The solutions for deforestation will be different than the solutions for greenhouse gasses, so you’ll want to narrow down the larger problem of climate change and pick either deforestation or greenhouse gasses (or some other sub-problem contributing to the broader problem of climate change). You’ll also want to pick a problem that feels measurable, otherwise you won’t be able to show what “solving” this problem looks like in a clear way. For example, lets say you’re worried about the problem of stereotyping. While this might definitely be a problem in our society, how would you know when this problem is solved? Has this problem been worsening or improving over the past decade and how would you know for sure? Instead of picking a problem that’s abstract (or, hard to measure), think of a way to quantify the problem so that your readers will better understand how you intend to fix it. Perhaps you want to look at the rise in hate crimes in the US over the past few years (we hover near 16-year highs in numbers of hate crimes). (Links to an external site.) While it might be difficult to measure the amount of stereotyping in our country (you could measure media representation– perhaps even harmful amounts of representation, as anti-defamation leagues do though), research can measure and evaluate changes in metrics like hate crimes or unequal income distribution. In that respect, looking at how to reduce hate crimes, or how to increase representation in the media, might be better topics than the more abstract topic of stereotyping. 


Choose Your Own Adventure:

  1. A 7+ page essay for The Atlantic, the same magazine that Coates drafted in, which sells itself as a forum for ideas where “reason should always guide opinion.
  2. A 7+ page traditional academic essay drafted in an academic journal.



  1. 7+ pages in MLA format (the works cited pages do not count towards this page count)
  2. You must have an MLA works cited page and sufficient parenthetical citations throughout so that I can correctly separate your claims from your sources’ claims and information.
  3. You must cite 5 or more credible sources, and at least two peer-reviewed sources. Each source should feel appropriate, authoritative, and credible for its context. The CRAAP test is a useful tool.
  4. Persuade, don’t just argue! Remember, your goal is to win your audience over. Even when you’re “right,” if you don’t have a strategy for persuading us, then being right won’t accomplish your actual goal.
  5. Explain and frame the problem. While you can rely on popular knowledge about topics like climate change and such, you shouldn’t expect that your audience has done nearly the amount of research that you have. How might you frame such a daunting problem? For Singer, he offers trolley problems that transform a global struggle into a puzzle. Coates uses testimonials and historical accounts to give the effects of structural racial inequality a human face. 



  1. Be Creative! Because these are ambitious solutions, you won’t probably find research that they work—your solution probably hasn’t been tried yet! The point of learning persuasion and inductive reasoning isn’t so that you can point at work that other people have done, say “let’s do that,” and call it a day. I want to teach you how to problem solve. You might find some research to directly support your solution, but you might not! If you believe in your solution, come up with solid reasoning to back it up! Either way, a lot of your evidence and reasoning will require creative critical thinking. Embrace that! If this were just a “research paper,” I’d say to focus on evidence; instead, like Singer, let’s focus on your reasoning and bring in evidence to buttress that whenever able and necessary (Coates uses a lot of research, but Singer’s only “research” is that a $200 donation will save a life– then rest of his argument is reasoning and explanation).
  2. Dream Big! I don’t expect you to actually solve climate change, COVID-19, or global poverty. Instead, I want you to dream big and argue for an unlikely, maybe even wild solution. Think about Singer and Coates here: even if their solutions might seem unlikely, their solutions feel justified, perhaps even ideal.
  3. Carefully focus the “facts” of the problem so that your audience knows exactly what you are trying to solve. Coates is a great example here. Coates does not claim to solve “racism”; he proposes a solution to address racially biased economic inequality. Be explaining issues like red-lining, Coates focuses the terms of the problem so that he can better tailor his solution. If Coates only focused on reparations for slavery—what most people think about when they hear the word “reparations”—then Coates’s solution might not seem as effective. Instead, Coates focuses on systematic racism so that he narrow his solution to address the economic effects of discrimination. Simply put, fixing all racism is too difficult. If you’re writing about COVID-19, for example, you might consider issues with testing, treatment, and its pandemic spread. Maybe you decide to argue for a solution to slow its spread— refusal to wear a mask should be criminal or something. If you want to propose this solution, you might not want to focus on other facets of the problem, such as limited testing or treatment (unless your strategy interprets these as rebuttals you need to mention); frame your problem carefully in order for you to better tailor your solution.
  4. Remember Cicero! First, change our moods. Then, change our mind. Then, fill us with a desire to act. To persuade people, you need to win their hearts and A lot of academic writing obsesses over the “minds” part, but it’s peoples’ hearts that compel them to invest the time and energy to change stuff!

Assignment:  Using your course textbook, the internet, or any other relevant sou

Using your course textbook, the internet, or any other relevant sources, conduct research on the Nation of Israel from May 14, 1948, until the present day.
Please include detailed information on the “Rebirth” of the Israel, the history of war and terrorism, the geography, culture, and population of the nation, the plight of the Palestinian people including their right to self-determination, peace negotiations, as well as any other information that you consider relevant. Finally, please remember to include an introduction and conclusion to all of your papers this semester.
Paper Format:
Completed according to MLA Format – Use intext citations and include a Works Cited Page
Double Spaced  paper
Times New Roman Font (12)
1000 word minimum.
Refer to the Grading Rubric posted in the course relating to the submission of course papers to learn how specific grades will be earned.
Please Contact Me With Any Questions Relating to This Assignment.  

Read Robin DiAngelo’s   “The Perception of Race” (p519) and Aliya Saperstein’s A

Read Robin DiAngelo’s   “The Perception of Race” (p519) and Aliya Saperstein’s Agustin Fuentes’s  “Myth of Race” (p719)
Answer   ONE of the following questions for its corresponding article in   200-300 words:
1)   “The Perception of Race”:  DiAngelo is interested in historical patterns of racism that remain with us today. What does she mean when she says, “Today these advantages [of whiteness] are de facto rather than dejure, but are nonetheless powerful in shaping our daily lives”? Look up the terms de facto and  dejure, and discuss what this sentence means in relation to the main point of her essay.
2)  “The Myth of Race”: Where and How does Fuentes include writers whose ideas differ from his own? Mark those sections and discuss the effectiveness of including those voices as a strategy of advancing his own argument. Where and how does he address readers who might disagree with him? How effectively does he address their concerns?

Focus on the terms and concepts presented in Section 1: Fundamentals. In your pa

Focus on the terms and concepts presented in Section 1: Fundamentals. In your paper describe how the artwork you’re looking at makes use of the Elements and Principles of art. Write about the Elements of Art and Principles of Design, like Line, Shape, Space, Volume, Color, Emphasis, Unity, etc in relation to the artwork you’re looking at. You book goes into great depth about these topics – use them in your discussion of the artwork!
Hold on – Before you submit your assignment, make sure:  
You’ve read the  page
Your paper is 800 words minimum. If it’s not, you’ll get a zero! I’m not kidding. 
You are reviewing ONE art exhibition from one of the approved gallery or museum websites during the duration of this course
You are discussing at least three different works of art within that exhibition using terms from the book
You have at least the name of the Gallery, name of the Exhibition, titles of the pieces, the names of the artists who made those pieces, and the medium of the works you’re reviewing.
Have you spelled checked it? Does it read well?


For the midterm, students are expected to submit a total of two response papers. Submit your second midterm response paper here by 11:15 am on Thursday 3/10.
These responses should be 4-5 pages long (12 pt. font, double-spaced, docx format). These reading response papers will be graded primarily on three criteria:
  1. Engagement – Copy and paste a brief excerpt from a reading of your choosing from the designated section of the syllabus. For films, choose a particular scene and make sure to include the timestamps.
  2. Comprehension – Explain why you made your selection and why it is important to the text and/or the course. 
  3. Analysis – Provide original analysis that critically engages with your excerpt.
My professor is very Liberal please make it as progressive as possible. Thanks. If you have questions my phone number is 6199872866